INPUTS SUPPLY

Seeds:

As per seed replacement norms of different crops, certified / quality seeds are produced in Government Institutions and private organisations. About 70% of the seeds are distributed during Kharif and remaining 30% during Rabi and Summer. About 2.85 lakh quintals of certified / quality seeds were distributed during 1984-85, which increased to 4.96 lakh quintals during 1999-2000( an increase of 73%). Year-wise Seed distribution is presented in Table-11.

Seed Distribution:

Seed is the vital agricultural input. Seed is generally considered as a low cost input, but without the use of high quality seeds of superior crop varieties, farmers cannot get the expected yields. Supply of required quantity of seeds at right time is imperative to increase yields and food production.

To get Certified:Quality seeds it has to pass through different stages viz., Breeder, Foundation and Certified seeds. To get Certified:Quality seeds for distribution to farmers,. minimum of three years of three seasons are required. In case of Hybrids, farmers have to use fresh F1 seeds every time for sowing. Whereas in case of self pollinated crops(varieties), farmers can use same seeds from the crop grown out of certified seeds for a period of three years.

Based on the indents of the Department of Agriculture, breeder seeds will be produced by the UAS and ICAR Research stations and same will be allotted to seed producing organisations:seed producers to take up foundation seed production. Foundation seeds produced will be utilized by seed producers for certified seed production. Foundation and Certified seeds are certified by the State Seed Certification Agency.

State requires totally 38.1 lakh quintals of various seeds annually. As per the seed replacement norms 6.4 lakh quintals of Certified:Quality seeds are required. The Department works out the season-wise, crop-wise and District-wise requirement of certified:quality seeds and communicates to all the District Officers and the seed supplying agencies for timely supply of required seeds. Reequirement and supply programme of seeds for 2000-01 is as follows:

 

(Area in Lakh Ha., Qty. in Quintals)

sl.No.

crop

Area Pro-grammed

Total,

seeds

reqiored

Certified:

Quality

seeds

required

Supply programme by different

agencies

Deficit/

Surplus

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

Paddy

13.40

837500

141150

185000

+43850

2

Jowar

19.50

146250

71485

50165

-21320

3

Ragi

10.00

100000

20000

25250

+5250

4

Maize

5.40

81000

82500

135250

+52750

5

Barja

3.80

19000

11750

15350

+3600

6

Wheat

2.50

125000

9900

9175

-275

 

Total Cereals

57.60

1308750

336785

420190

 

7

Redgram

4.70

94000

15040

7200

-7840

8

Greengram

2.75

55000

8770

4810

-39609

9

Blackgram

1.15

28750

4600

1850

-2750

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

10

Cowpea

1.00

25000

4000

3100

-900

11

Bengalgram

3.60

180000

30500

17350

-13150

12

Fieldbean

1.00

25000

250

35

-215

13

Horsegram

3.50

87500

450

0

-450

 

Total Pulses

17.70

495250

63610

34345

 

14

Groundnut

12.30

1845000

184500

59350

-125150

15

Sesamum

1.15

6900

250

40

-210

16

Sunflower

7.60

76000

32900

31450

-1450

17

Soybean

0.80

50000

32900

31450

+425

18

Castor

0.30

4500

540

92

-448

19

Safflower

1.50

11250

1500

1500

0

20

Niger

0.45

675

10

0

-10

 

Total Oilseeds

24.10

1994325

225200

98357

 

21

Cotton

6.00

13000

10900

9500

-1400

 

Grand total

105.4

3811325

636495

562392

 

 

In Karnataka seeds are being supplied to farming community by Government agencies like Karnataka State Seeds Corporation, National Seeds Corporation and Karnataka Co-Operative Oilseeds Growers Federation and numbers of private agencies. The Karnataka State Seeds Corporation, National Seeds Corporation and Karnataka Co-operative Oilseeds Growers Federation accounts for 35%, 4% and 5% of seeds distribued by known sources respectively. The remaning 56% is met by private seed suypplying agencies.

Supply position of Hybrid Maize, Hybrid jowar, Hybrid Bajra, Hybrid sunflower, Hybrid Cotton, Paddy and Ragi certified:quality seeds are satisfactory. Supply position of Pulses and Oilseeds (except Sunflower) crops certified:quality seeds is low. This is because these seeds are being supplied mainly by Government agencies and private agencies have not ventured for supply of these seeds. There is ample scope for private agencies to conduct research on these crops to evolve superior varieties. If sufficient quantity of Pulses and Oilseeds crops seeds are made available to farmers, Pulses & Oilseeds production can be increased to a greater extent.

 

Seed Law Enforcement:

To ensure supply of good quality seeds to farming community, Seeds Act 1966, Seeds Rules 12968 and Seeds (Control) Order 1983 are being enforced in the State. To enforce these laws, Government has appointed 568 Seeds Inspectors in the State. Seed Inspectors draw seed samples from seed dealers and send for analysis to the departmental state seed testing laboratories. If the samples are found sub-standard, action will be initiated against such seed dealers and seed producers as per the seed legislations. Samples are also collected from farmers as service samples and sent to seed testing laboratories for testing. If the samples are found sub-standard farmers will be advised not to use such seeds for sowing.

 

Fertilisers:

Total NPK consumption which was 9.05 lakh M.Ts. in 1991-92   increased to 12.34 lakh tonnes in 1999-2000, an increase of about 36%. During Kharif and Rabi the consumption levels are 64% and 36% respectively, out of the total consumption in the State. Statement showing year-wise quantity of nutrients per hectare and ratio of nutrients used and quantity consumed is enclosed separately.

Infomation with respect to Year-wise, nutrient-wise use of Fertiliser,Product-wise fertiliser consumption , Fertiliser Price Concession Scheme, Notified grades of NPK Fertiliser mixtures and Micronutrient mixtures, Fee Structures related to Fertilisers are furnished in Tables  12, 12(a) , 12(b), 12(c) and 12(d) respectively.

 

CONSUMPTION OF FERTILISERS:

Sl.No.

Consumption

N

P

K

Total

1. Consumption of Fertilisers in lakh tonnes during 1997-98. Karnataka

6.05

3.15

1.89

11.09

India

109.0

39.15

13.72

161.87

2. Consumption of Fertilisers in Kgs./hect, during 1997-98. Karnataka

50.60

26.33

15.82

92.75

India

58.43

20.99

7.36

86.78

3. Consumption of Fertilisers in lakh tonnes during 1998-99 (Provisional). Karnataka

6.38

3.36

1.74

11.48

India

11.54

41.12

13.32

167.98

4. Consumption of Fertilisers in Kgs./hect, during 1998-99 (Provisional). Karnataka

52.48

24.72

13.00

90.20

India

60.90

22.00

7.10

90.00

 

 

Plant Protection:

Department arranges supply of plant protection chemicals through Marketing Federation, Agro-Industries Corporation and other private agencies. Details on consumption of Pesticides is furnished in Table-13.

 

Quality Control:

Department undertakes regulatory functions by enforcing provision of the Seeds Act, Insecticides Act and Fertiliser Control Order. Department has established seed testing, fertiliser control and insecticide laboratories for the purpose. Details are as under:

Input

No.of dealers outlets

No.of Inspectors

No.of quality control labs.

Per annum Analysing capacity (Nos.)

1. Seeds

3915

568

Dept.    4 Others  3

55000        50000

2. Fertilisers

11524

569

4

8500

3. Insecticides

6783

566

5

6000

 

NIC-AGRI