AREA, PRODUCTION AND YIELDS OF CROPS

AREA:

1. Gross cultivated area under Agricultural crops which was 96.97 lakh hectares in 1955-56 had increased to 108.84 lakh hectares in 1998-99, accounting for an increase of 12%.

2. Net cultivated area which was 100.65 lakh hectares in 1955-56 had increased to 106.09 lakh hectares during 1998-99. Similarly gross cultivated area which was 103.98 lakh hectares in 1955-56 had gone upto 123.53 lakh hectares in 1996-97.

3. Cropping intensity increased from 103.2% in 1955-56 to 116.4% in 1996-97.

4. Area under Cereal crops increased to 65 lakh hectares in 1960’s from 58 lakh hectares in late 1950’s, but again from 1970 and onwards it declined and came down to 55.69 lakh hectares in 1998-99.

5. Area under Pulses had shown an increasing trend. In 1950’s it was about 13 lakh hectares and reached  a maximum of 18.11 lakh hectares in 1998-99.

6. Total foodgrain area has witnessed a marginal downward trend.

7. Oilseed area had gone upto a maximum of 31.27 lakh hectares in 1993-94, from about 12 lakh hectares in 1955-56. From 1994-95 and onwards it hovered around 25 lakh hectares.

8. Cotton area declined to a level of about 6 lakh hectares in recent years from about 11.52 lakh hectares in 1955-56.

9. Area under Sugarcane indicated a steady increase trend and reached a maximum of 3.45 lakh hectares in 1994-95 from 0.50 lakh hectares in 1955-56.

10. Tobacco also showed an increasing trend and reached a peak of 0.84 lakh hectares in 1998-99 from 0.42 lakh hectares in 1955-56.

11. Area under Paddy had gone upto 14.25 lakh hectares in 1998-99 from 8.78 lakh hectares in 1955-56.

12. Jowar had shown a declining trend in area, from about 30 lakh hectares in early 60’s,it came down to 18.45 lakh hectares in 1998-99.

13. Maize area had increased from 0.10 lakh hectares in 1956-57 to 5.62 lakh hectares in 1997-98.

14. Tur crop area had gone upto 4.73 lakh hectares in 1998-99 from 3.00 lakh hectares in 1955-56.

15. Bengalgram also increased from 1.60 lakh hectares to 3.55 lakh hectares in 1998-99.

16. Groundnut area increased to 12.85 lakh hectares in 1996-97, from 8.38 lakh hectares in 1955-56.

17. Sunflower crop, introduced during late 70’s with a nominal area of 0.11 lakh hectares, had increased to 14.69 lakh hectares in 1993-94 and was hovering around 9 - 10 lakh hectares thereafter.

PRODUCTION:

1. Production of Cereals which was 34.24 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 had increased to 92.55 lakh tonnes in 1998-99, showing an increase of 170%.

2. Production of Pulses which was around 3.80 lakh tonnes in 1950’s had increased to 7.22 lakh tonnes in 1998-99, showing an increase of 90%.

3. Production of Oilseeds which was 6.93 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 had gone upto 18.89 lakh tonnes in 1993-94, showing an increase of 172%.

4. Production of Cotton which was 3.01 lakh bales increased to 10.09 lakh bales in 1996-97, showing an increase of 235%.

5. Sugarcane production also attained a high of 330.93 lakh tonnes in 1994-95 from 31.11 lakh tonnes in 1955-56, showing an increase of 963%.

6. Similarly production of Tobacco increased from 0.17 lakh tonnes, in 1955-56 to a high of 0.62 lakh tonnes showing an increase of 265%.

7. Production of Rice which was 11.84 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 had gone upto 36.05 lakh tonnes in 1998-99, showing a 204% increase.

8. Production of Jowar which was 9.50 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 had gone upto 19.26 lakh tonnes in 1992-93 and hovered around 17 - 18 lakh tonnes thereafter..

9. Production of Maize which was 0.06 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 increased to 16.18 lakh tonnes in 1998-99, showing a steep increase.

10. Production of Ragi the staple food crop of Southern part of the State, which was 9.09 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 increased to 18.05 lakh tonnes in 1998-99.

11. Production of Tur which was 1.00 lakh tonne in 1955-56 increased to 2.29 lakh tonnes in 1996-97.

12. Production of Bengalgram which was 0.52 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 had gone upto 2.22 lakh tonnes in 1994-95 and was 1.98 lakh tonnes in 1998-99.

13. Groundnut production which was 6.18 lakh tonnes in 1955-56 increased to 12.29 lakh tonnes in 1998-99, showing a jump of almost 100%.

14. Sunflower production reached a level of 4.75 lakh tonnes in 1993-94 from 0.10 lakh tonnes in 1978-79.

YIELD:

(in kgs/hect.)

Sl. No.

Crops

1955-56

1998-99

% Increase

 1

Rice

1398

2663

90%

 2

Jowar

384

953

148%

 3

Ragi

1032

1850

79%

 4

Maize

475

3420

620%

 5

Bajra

291

741

155%

 6

Total Cereals

582

1749

200%

 7

Tur

326

541

66%

 8

Bengalgram

313

587

88%

 9

Total Pulses

277

420

52%

 10

Total Foodgrains

523

1423

172%

 11

Groundnut

716

1052

47%

 12

Total Oilseeds

582

740

27%

 13

Cotton

47

274

483%

 14

Sugarcane

61

109

79%

 15

Tobacco

319

922

189%

The rather significant increase of 200% in the productivity in total Cereals can be attributed to increase in yields of Maize, Jowar and Rice.

In case of Pulses yield level increased to 420 kgs. from 277 kgs., showing an increase of 52% only.

Overall increase of 172% in yields of foodgrains when compared to 1955-56, helped to achieve self sufficiency in foodgrains.

Marginal increase of 27% in Oilseed yield has been noticed. But, steep increases in productivity levels can be noticed in case of Cotton (483%), Sugarcane (79%) and Tobacco (189%).

Click on the links below to view the Area, Production and Yields of Agricultural crops in Karnataka from 1955-56 to 1998-99  in tablular and graphical form.

  Area     Production     Yield.

 

NIC-AGRI