State Government had formulated its own Agricultural Policy during 1995 in order to indicate the direction in which the State should move. Strategies envisaged in the policy are as follows:
1. Industrial approach to Agriculture.
2. Investment policy.
3. Lending policy:- Government has established Karnataka Agricultural Development Finance Company during 1997.
4. Reforms in Irrigation.
5. Policy towards Dryland Farming:- Government has been implementing Watershed Development Programmes such as C.S.S. National Watershed Development Project, River Valley Project, DANIDA Assisted Karnataka Watershed Development Project, SDC Assisted ISDWDK Project, German Assisted KFW Project and British Assisted Watershed Project and also watersheds under DLDB, DPAP, JRY, EAS, Million Wells and Nemmadi Yojane.
6. Price and Market Reforms.
7. Marketing Development.
8. Policy towards Horticulture, Floriculture, Agriculture, Dairying and Animal Health.
9. Agricultural Exports Policy: Government established Karnataka Agricultural Produce Processing and Export Corporation in 1996.
10. Policy towards infrastructure: Physical and Human.
11. District Agricultural Plan.
12. Institutional frame work for peoples participation.
State Government had also constituted a cabinet sub-committee under the Chairmanship of Honble Minister for Agriculture with 10 other Ministers of various Departments as members, to oversee implementation of the State Agricultural Policy.
KARNATAKA AGRICULTURE COMMISSION
Farming community in Karnataka has made sizable contribution to the economy in achieving milestones in agricultural production. This was possible due to concerted efforts in implementing development strategies that comprise technological breakthrough and their applications, hard and dedicated work of farmers and supportive policies of the Government. However, forward linkages and some of the backward linkages need strengthening. This linkages have become all the more relevant in view of the challenges and opportunities thrown open, in the content of liberalisation and opening of the Indian economy.
Government had identified following important areas where in further scope exists for improvement.
- Agriculture research and adoption of improved technology.
- Protection of yield levels already attained and bridging the yield gap between potential and actual yields to attain higher productivity in all the ten agro- climatic regions.
- Pace of Integrated Watershed Development.
- Cost effective land development, water management techniques etc.,
- Extension services.
- Input supply and farm mechanisation .
- Rural credit.
- Horticulture including floriculture, dairying, poultrying, meat,wool, fisheries and sericulture.
- Agricultural marketing, infrastructure, processing etc.
- Organic farming.
- Trade polices with particular reference to input and output.
Government had also felt that a new direction and thrust to the State policy on Agriculture and allied activities need to be given to meet the above challenges.
Government vide order No.AHD 121 AMZ 2000 dated:26.4.2000 had set up '' Karnataka Agriculture Commission'' under the chairmanship of Dr.K.Dwarakanath, Former Vice -Chancellor, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.With Dr.S.Bisalaiah, Vice-Chancellor, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore and Dr.M.Mahadevappa, Vice-Chancellor, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad as members.
The immediate task of the Commission will be to identify missions for bridging the gap between actual yields and possible yields in the ten different Agro-climatic zones of the State.