AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

Department of Agriculture organises pre-Kharif and pre-Rabi programme Planning Workshops involving Department Officers, Field Level Functionaries, University of Agricultural Sciences Scientists,  Officers of Line Departments and related input agencies. These Workshops are organised at different locations, based on Agro climatic zones, soil types, cropping and rainfall pattern.

During these workshops, previous seasons’ crop production and   various programmes are critically reviewed. District-wise weather conditions and crop conditions are reviewed and crop-wise area and production targets are finalised. Input agencies are requested to pre-position the required inputs in sufficient quantities at  strategic points. Scientists of State Agricultural Universities, I.C.A.R. Institutions and Research Stations are involved in the Transfer of Technology (T.O.T.) mechanisms through Bi-monthly Workshops, N.A.R.P. Wor/kshops, Zonal Level Farmers Scientists Interaction Services and different training programmes.  State Level Programme Planning Workshops are followed by District Level and Taluk Level Workshops. Thus, the programmes and strategies finalised at State Level Workshops reach the field level functionaries.

1.Research Extension Linkage:

Research Extension Linkage Mechanisms are evolved jointly by the Department of Agriculture with the help of State Agricultural Universities and Research Centres,and establish a working Research Extension Linkages.

2. Bi-monthly Workshops:

The purpose of these workshops is to provide regular contact between extension functionaries and research scientists, and are forum for inservice training of subject matter specialists and Departmental Officers, facilitating  build up of technical skill of Subject Matter Specialists  to meet the actual technological needs of farmers effectively. The other purpose of these Workshops is to formulate relevant production technology for 4 to 5 fortnights and also messages for target groups and to provide an opportunity to interact between extension workers, University of Agricultural Sciences, master trainers and  Officers of line Departments.

3. Taluk Level Fortnightly Workshops:-

Fortnightly training is the secondary training session built into the system for continuousely upgrading and updating  professional skills of the extension workers. Here  Agricultural Officers (Subject Mater Specialists) provide training and teach practical skills generated in the bi-monthly workshops. In these training sessions, Agricultural Assistants/Assistant Agricultural Officers also have a review of the farmers’ reaction to previous recommendations, adoption percentage and report field problems or constraints that need to be taken into account in developing suitable messages by Subject Matter Specialists.

4. District Diagnostic Team, Joint field visits and status Report preparation:-

The District diagnostic team of each District consisting of Specialists from University of Agricultural Sciences and Senior Officers of the Department in the District under the leadership of Joint / Deputy Director of Agriculture tour the District before the onset of Kharif/Rabi season, to identify main technologies given  in the District and make assessments of the adoption rate of the technologies, find   constraints existing and prepare the status report. These reports are used in the Bi-monthly workshops.

5. Frequent visits of Scientists:-

As and when required, District Level Officers of the Department invite University of Agricultural Sciences Scientists for field visits to solve specific field problems reported by the Extension staff and also to review farm trials programme and to guide field staff .

Implementation of Broad Based Agricultural Extension:

Broad Based Agricultural Extension Project is implemented throughout the State from the year 1995-96. The main purpose of this project is to deliver technical messages relating to Horticultural crops to the Farming Community through the field extension workers of the Agriculture Department. To identify and finalise the technical messages relating to Horticultural Crops, Officers of Horticulture Department participate in the District Level Bi-monthly Workshops and Taluk Level fortnightly training of Agriculture Department as Subject Matter Specialists / Resource persons. Looking at the results, it is proposed to include Social Forestry activities in the project in the next stage.

''Ryot Mitra'' Scheme for extablishing ''Farmers Contact Centers'' at Hubli Head Quarters:

Ryot Mitra" is a new scheme launched by Government of Karnataka during the year 2000. Under the scheme, it is proposed to establish "Farmers Contact Centres" (FCC"s) in all the 745 revenue Hobli head quarters of the State. 201 such centres have been positioned by 20th of July 2000.Dessimination of improved Scientific technology relating to Agriculture and Horticulture Crops followed by Experiments, Demonstrations and trials to persuade farmers to adopt these technologies in their fields is the main objective of the FCC's.

The Farmers Contact Centers will function on the lines of "Farm Clinics/ Transfer of Technology/Agriculture Technology Centers/Transfer of Technology Centers".

The  Farmers Contact Centers will strive,inter-alia, to achieve the following objectives.

  1. To function as a primary unit in implementing Crop Husbandry Schemes of the Department and diagnosing the field problems to advocate remedial measures.
  2. To meet the extension needs of Agriculture and Horticulture activities.
  3. To function as diagnosing, information providing and discussion Center with respect to problems faced by farmers, farm women and farm youths.
  4. To  Co-ordinate input supplies.

The Farmers contact Centers are/will be housed with required Scientific Tools, equipments, Books etc. and will be provided in a phased manner.

The emphasis is on Transfer of Technology(TOT) supported and supplemented by and carried through information, discussion, training activities and followed by field level trials, demonstrations etc.,

Fixed day visit of field extension workers of the earlier systems i.e., A & V based A.E.P. is being replaced by need based demand driven technical visits by the staff manning the farmers contact centers.

It is also proposed to rope in the technical expertise available with the SOS and other development departments of the State in making farmers contact centers approach a success.

Some of the Services that are going to be made available to the farmers through Farmers contact Centers are.

  1. Advisory extension service an improved cultivation practices/ technologies of Agriculture and Horticulture Crops.
  2. Information and guidance in identification of pests and diseases and adoption of IPM practices.
  3. Arranging for Seed germination tests locally and to provide analytical report and advised at appropriate times.
  4. Collection of Soil samples from farmers for onward submission to Soil health Centers and to arrange for issue of analytical reports and suitable advise well a head of sowings.
  5. To advise on use of Soil amendments based on pH values of problematic Soil Samples.
  6. To advise farmers about the quality of chemical fertilizers based on verification of physical properties.
  7. To advise, guide and to demonstrate precautionary measures to be followed while using chemical fertilisers, pesticides, weedicides etc.,
  8. To exhibit and demonstrate use of improved agricultural implements and machinery.
  9. Guidance and consultation about crop loans and Crop Insurance,..
  10. . Advise a suitability of water for irrigation.
  11. . Implementation of different schemes of the department and to maintain      beneficiary records.
  12. . Essential and critical inputs like sed treatment chemicals, organic pesticides,     bio-fertilisers, I.P.M. Kits, micro-nutrients, weedicides,, feramone traps, soil amendments etc., will be pre-positioned in farmers contact centres so as to make them timely available to farmers.
  13. . Laying out/ organising of trials, demonstrations, input kits, minikit    demonstrations, crop cutting experiments etc., as per department allotments and reporting them to the concerned.
  14. . Collection and maintenance of basic Agricultural information in a ledger and updating the same periodically.
  15. . Provide feed back information to Agricultural Scientists about local field problems.
  16. . Selection of candidates for institutional training as per alloted targets and organising training locally for the farmers of the area.

 

EXCHANGE VISIT OF EXTENSION FUNCTIONARIES:-

 

Directorate of Extension, Krishi Vistar Bhavan, Pusa, New Delhi, Ministry of Agriculture Department of Agriculture and Co-operation is implementing a Scheme " Humun Resource Development- Training support to Agriculture" in all the States and Union Territories of the Country. Under this scheme a new component " Exchange visit of Extension Functionaries" is being implemented in the State from 1999-2000. As envisaged in the component guidelines a group of 1210 extension workers preferably working at village level from less developed States would visit developed States to observe and study the latest production technologies adopted by interaction with their counter parts to learn the technique suitable to their area of operation in the field of Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry etc., being followed in that State/ U.T. On their return the visiting functionaries would disseminate the acquired knowledge to the farmers and other extension functionaries of their area.

The Host State will organise training and field visits according to the needs of visiting extension functionaries from the Sponsoring States/ U.T.s. The Directorate of Extension Government of India is baring the expenditure as travel, boarding, and lodging, honorarium to co-ordinator/speakers/ministerial Staff etc.,, and other miscellaneous contingencies as per approved financial norms.

The criteria for selection of extension functionaries and modalities along with financial norms for implementing the exchange visits of extension functionaries have been well defined by the Directorate of Extension, Government of India and are binding an the participating States/ U.T.s.

Directorate of Extension, Government of India had released Rs. 48,000-00 to K.T.K. in 1999-2000 to send a team of 10 extension workers to Andhra Pradesh for study. The team would visit Andhra Pradesh from 19-6 -2000 to 25-6-2000.

Further if ids proposed to send 3 teams from K.T.K.to neighbouring States in the year 2000-2001.

 

FARM INFORMATION SERVICES

 

A net work of information on Agriculture and allied services is available with the department to provide media support to the Extension Programme and to farmers.

Special publicity literature and other visual aids are brought out at Directorate and Divisional, District and Taluka Levels and also at various training Centres to educate the farmers by adopting a multimedia approach.

Besides daily tips to farmers are broadcasted through All India Radio in morning and evening for the benefit of farmers. The linkage of Agriculture activities with media like Doordarshan and All India Radio are also been established through" Phone inn Programme". At present agricultural programme are being telecasted twice in a week.

During 1999-2000 a Video film on " Effect of Cropping violations in Irrigated Command Area ", was produced in order to educate farmers to minimise the area under cultivation of Paddy and Sugarcane and to go for profitable semi irrigated crop in Command Area. Similarly during 2000-2001 also it is programmed to produce 3 to 5 video films on agriculture in collaboration with Information and Publicity Department. Video films on agricultural subject produced by other agencies are procured by the department and are distributed to the district officers for the benefit of extension functionaries and farmers.

Fairs and Exhibitions, Krishi Melas are also being organised at State, district/Taluka leveel to exhibit the latest agricultural technologies to the farming community. An outlay of Rs 10.00 lakhs is being earmarked during this year for the said purpose.

Besides on outlay of Rs. 25.00 lakhs has been provided in the current budget to implement the programme like News bulletin, Extension literature, Press release, Tinboardings, Stickers, Tips to the farmers, Video film Production, documentary films etc.,

 

KRISHI PRASHASTHI (AWARD TO FARMERS).

 

The phenomenal increase in agricultural production in the state during the last three decades is due to the active participation and efforts of farmers in agriculture. In order to recognise and honour all kinds of farmers who achieved highest yields in selected crop, Krishi Prashasthi Programme is being implemented in the State during 1992-93 and onwards. crop competitions are conducted in selected crops at State, district and taluka levels and three prizes are awarded at each levels to the farmers who secured (records) highest yields in slected crops.

 

Crop selected for conducting crop competitions are 1) Paddy (Irrigated)

2) Ragi (Rainfed) 3) Maize (Irrigated) ( 4) Kharif Jowar (Rainfed) 5) Rabi Jowar (Rainfed) 6) Redgram (Rainfed) 7) Bengal Gram (Rainfed) 8) Groundnut (Rainfed) 9) Sunflower (Kharif/Rabi rainfed)10) Sugarcane(Irrigated) which are predominentaly grown in that area.

 

Prize amount (Figures in Rupees).

 

Prize amount

State Level

District Level

Taluk Level

I

1,00,000

50,000

25,000

II

50,000

25,000

10,000

III

25,000

10,000

5,000

An amount of 140 lakh Rs. has been earmarked for the years 2000-01 for the purpose. About 750 farmers will be benefitted.

 

Study Tour of farmers outside and within the state (Bharath and Karnataka Darshan)

Study tour programme of farmers of the state is being implemented with the main intention to observe and know the recent research findings, study of latest production technologies in the area of Agriculture and allied fields within and outside the state and practice the same in their own farms. Under this programme farmers will be taken on tour to visit Nation's leading Agricultural Universities, Research Stations and allied Agricultural Institutions and Organisations. Apart from this under Karnataka farmers will be taken on tour to visit stations, allied agricultural institutions, organisations and progressive farmers fields.

Under this programme both farmers and Government will bear 50:50 cost equally.

About 1000 farmers under Bharath Darshan and 718 farmers under Karnataka Darshan will be benefitted this year.

 

EXCHANGE VISIT OF FARMER WITHIN THE COUNTRY.

 

Directorate of Extension, Government of India is implementing Exchange visit of farmers within the country since 1990-91. Under this programme the farmers of one State/Union Territory visit another State/ I.T. to observe and study the latest production technologies in the area of Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry and other allied fields and to adopt it in their own farms on return.

 Under this programme, 2 batches of 20 farmers each will visit Agriculturally developed States, 100 percent budget will be provided by Government of India to incur the expenditure. The tour programme will be implemented das per Government of India guidelines. during 1999-2000, forty farmers are benefitted and programmed to benefit 40 farmers during 2000-2001.

NIC-AGRI