IMPORTANT PROGRAMMES IMPLEMENTED BY DEPARTMENT
Department is implementing altogether 108 schemes (2000-2001) which comprise 67 plan schemes and 41 non-plan schemes. Plan scheme funds are provided mainly for implementing programmes and non-plan schemes funds are provided for meeting expenditure towards staff and salary. Majority of the staff of the Department are working under Zilla Panchayats.
Plan schemes implemented under different sectors are as under:-
State schemes(100% State)
Centrally Sponsored schemes (State/Central)
Central Sector schemes(100% GOI)
Externally aided projects
Department is operating two Heads of Accounts, namely " 2401-Crop Husbandry" and "2402-Soil and water conservation". Budget provision made under the said two Heads during 2000-2001 are as under:-
Sl.No. Major Head
Total State share Central share Total Plan Plan + Non-plan I 2401-Crop Husbandry A.State Sector 4369.00 876.00 5245.00 2396.57 7641.57 B.Dist. Sector 633.08 1345.48 1978.56 7671.94 9650.50 Total-I 5002.08 2211.48 7223.56 10068.51 17292.07 II 2402-Soil and Water conservation. A.State Sector 354.00 20.00 374.00 1090.74 1464.74 B.Dist. Sector - - - 1713.57 1713.57 Total-II 354.00 20.00 374.00 2804.31 3178.31 Total Agricul-ture (I + II) 5356.08 2241.48 7597.56 12872.82 20470.38
Total amount provided under plan and non-plan schemes are as under:-
Rs. in lakhs
Plan ( 67 schemes) 7597.56 Non-plan(41 schemes) 12872.82 Total: 20470.38
Budget provision and expenditure for last ten years is presented in Table-15 Comparison of outlay for Agriculture under Plan and Non-plan to the total State Sector Plan and Non-plan outlays is furnished in Table-16
Major schemes implemented.
I . State sponsered schemes.
- National Agricultural Extension Project(NAEP)-Budget Rs.50 lakhs (2000-2001).
All Agricultural Development Programmes are channelised through the system of NAEP.
2. Production and distribution of quality seeds -Budget Rs.30 lakhs (2000-01) .
It is a State scheme which envisages production and distribution of quality seeds to farmers.
3. Popularisation of Bio-fertilisers-Budget Rs. 60 lakhs (2000-01).
Scheme envisages to encourage farmers to use bio-fertilisers to control increase in prices of fertilisers and also pollution of atmosphere. Production of bio-fertilisers in Agricultural Universities, distribution to farmers on subsidy, quality control are some of the strategies adopted. It is a State sector scheme.
4. Scheme for plant protection measures-Budget Rs. 35 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a State scheme and the main objective is to distribute Plant Protection Chemicals to farmers at subsidy in the event of outbreak of endemic and epidemic pests and diseases.
5.Natural farming-Budget Rs. 15 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a State sector scheme which aims at reducing excess use of fertiliser and plant protection chemicals by farmers,through promotion of natural farming practices.
6. Study tour of farmers within the State and country-Budget Rs.35 lakhs (2000-01)
A Scheme sponsored by State and main objective of the Scheme is to expose farmers to new Agril.technologies developed within and outside state by Agricultural Universities and other institutions, and to enable farmers to adopt them for their benefit.
7. Special component and Tribal sub-plan-Budget Rs. 271.99 lakhs (2000-01)
It aims at increasing per acre yield in the lands of Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe farm families, to uplift the two categories. Strategy envisages distribution of inputs, PP equipments, power tillers, pumpsets, storage bins ,land development, etc.
8. Supply of power tillers and tractors as an incentive to farmers-Budget Rs. 38 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a State sector scheme and envisages promotion of farm mechanisation in the State. Power tillers are distributed to farmers on subsidy.
9. Distribution of Rice planter/weeder, sugar planter etc.,-Budget Rs. 28 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a State sector scheme and aims at promotion and use of improved agricultural implements. Improved implements are distributed on subsidy.
10. Krishi Prashasthi-Budget Rs. 140 lakhs (2000-01)
Scheme aims to recognise and award farmers doing outstanding work in increasing agricultural production and inculcate healthy competitive spirit among the farmers. Awards are given to farmers who achieve record yields in the crops offered for competition at State, District and Taluk levels, each year.
11. Farm Management Studies.
Department of Agriculture undertakes farm management studies regularly. Objectives of the studies are:
a) To estimate the cost of cultivation per hectare and cost of production per quintal of produce of different agricultural crops.
b) To study the physical inputs, output and cost relationship.
c) To estimate the efficiency factors and net returns for various crops.
d) This data is used by the Government for making policy decisions and also benefit farmers in selecting profitable crop alternatives.
The studies are conducted in 68 centres from selected 40 farmers with additional 20 farmers in each centre. The studies are undertaken in all the 10 agro climatic zones. The studies are conducted on cost accounting method where, variable cost like human and bullock labour, seeds, farm yard manure, fertilisers, plant protection chemicals, irrigation charges, repair charges and miscellaneous charges and fixed cost like interest on investment, land revenue and taxes, interest on working capital, depreciation charges, risk premium, managerial cost and rental value on land are considered.
II. Centraly sponsered schemes
1.Integrated Cereals Development Programme ( ICDP coarse cereals)-Budget Rs. 432.80 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme which aims at a holistic improvement in production and productivity of cereals based cropping system. Under the Scheme, distribution of certified seeds, field and IPM demonstrations, distribution of farm implements and extending productivity awards to Gram Panchayats are some of the important strategies followed.
2. National Pulses Development Programme-Budget Rs.271 lakhs (2000-01)
Objective is to boost production of pulses and stabilize yieldlevels by providing incentive to farmers and institutions. It is a Centrally Sponsored scheme. Package approach for higher yields, adoption of technologies, integrated pest management, double cropping, inter-cropping etc., are some of the strategies followed under the programme.
3. Oil Seeds Production Programme-Budget Rs. 953.20 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented to accelerate production, processing and management technologies to achieve self-reliance in oil seeds. Increasing area, intensification of oil seed cultivation, Hybrid sunflower cultivation, cultivation under irrigation, promotional programmes, inter-cropping, double cropping, quality seeds, IPM concept, post harvest support for processing storage and marketing are the strategies adopted.
4. Sustainable Development of Sugarcane based cropping system(SUBACS) -Budget Rs. 264 lakhs (2000-01)
This is a Centrally sponsored scheme and aims at higher production and productivity in the districts which have productivity below state/national average. Strategies envisage use of quality seeds, planting, popularisation of weedicide and drip irrigation, use of parasites, soyabean inter-cropping, management of ratoon crop and post harvest technology, fertiliser application and irrigation schedules as recommended.
5. Accelerated Maize Development under technology Mission on Maize -Budget Rs. 68.92 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a Centrally Sponsored scheme which focuses on needs relating to production, research, post-harvest, marketing etc., of Maize. Strategies adopted include use of quality seeds and improved technology, intensive cultivation, training, use of improved implements, etc.
6. Balanced and Integrated use of fertiliser-Budget Rs. 50 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a Centrally sponsored scheme which aims at balanced and integrated use of fertilisers in farmers' fields, and encourages use of organic manures. Strategies envisage training, demonstrations, etc.
7. Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana (RKBY)-Budget Rs. 30 crores (2000-01)
Government of India communicated to all the State/U.T. Governments the discontinuation of the implementation of the existing CCIS from Rabi 1999-2000 and has taken a decision to implement a new insurance scheme entitled "National Agricultural Insurance Scheme(Rashtriya Krishi bima Yojana)" in the country from Rabi 1999-2000. This new insurance scheme covers all cereals, pulses, oilseeds and commercial crops/horticultural crops viz., sugarcane, cotton and potato.
III. Central sector schemes:-
1. Central sector scheme of wheat minikit trials-Budget Rs. 3 lakhs (2000-01)
Scheme aims at conducting mini-kit trials in farmers fields to encourage them to use varieties released in the preceeding five years.
2. Central Sector rice seed minikit and state level training-Budget Rs. 22 lakhs (2000-01)
Scheme envisages organising of minikit trials in farmers fields to encourage them to use varieties released in the preceeding five years.
3. Supply of small tractors-Budget Rs. 164 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a Central Sector scheme. It aims at popularisation of Agricultural mechanisation in the farms. Small tractors are distributed to farmers on subsidy.
IV. Externally aided projects:-
1. Project for Agricultural Training of farm women with DANIDA Assistance-Budget Rs. 350 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a Danish assisted project. Its emphasis is on farm womens participation in agriculture development and promoting their capability as they are the decision makers on farm operations. Training of farm women in the latest technology in Agriculture and allied fields is the strategy adopted.WYTEP- WOMEN, YOUTH TRAINING AND EXTENSION PROJECT IN KARNATAKA
In order to strengthen the Agricultural Extension and Training programmes for the Farm Women and Farm Youth in Karnataka, a project called the WYTEP with the assistance of DANIDA was approved by the Government of Karnataka, Government of India and DANIDA Mission and the scheme phase-I was started during the year 1982-83 in the 11 districts by covering 107 taluks in the State.
Total Project cost of Phase-I was Rs.470.81 lakhs(100%) DANIDA Assistance.
WYTEP PHASE-II The DANIDA Mission on the review of the WYTEP Phase-I of the Project were satisfied with the progress achieved and approved the extension of the project in the State for another 11 years under phase-II from 1-7-1989. Project was operated throughtout the State except in Bidar District. Total cost of Phase-II was Rs.28.40 Crores from 1-7-89 to
31-5-2000. Out of which the DANIDA Share was Rs.16.41 Crores.
Project Component consisted of conducting training for Farm Women(10 days) and Farm Youth (14 days) in the latest technology of Agriculture and allied subjects like Animal Husbandry/Horticulture/Sericulture etc. In addition to the above, Institutional Courses like link workers training, village based training camps, specilised courses for Farm Women conferences were organised.
It is proposed to take up Phase-III of WYTEP from Ist June-2000. Project has been proposed for a period of five years with a total outlay of Rs.4593.00 lakhs, out of which DANIDA share will be Rs.1574.00 lakhs and State share will be Rs.3019.00 lakhs. Phase-III of the project will be a transition phase to develop Farm Women Extension as a sustainable system in the Department of Agriculture. Project has been submitted to Government of India/DANIDA/GOK for clearance.
LONG TERM OBJECTIVES:
a) To promote growth rate in agriculture and to strengthen the position of Farm Women in society.
b) To secure full utilisation of women's potential in agricultural production, on small and marginal holdings thereby improving the productivity of these holdings for the betterment of quality of life of all members of the family.SHORT TERM OBJECTIVES:
a) Gearing the General Extension System (GES)to provide effective extension service to farm women.
b) Develop and strengthen farm women to enable them tomanage their own resources and take decisions on their
needs for training and extension services thereby increasingtheir agricultural knowledge and skills.PROJECT STRATEGIES AND COMPONENTS OF PHASE-III - The GES of the department will assume responsibilities for providing extension services to Farm Women Groups( FWGs).
- Extension activities to be centered around FWGs so that the other farm women are also motivated to form groups and seek help.
- providing facilities and support to the FWGs to make them sustainable and seek help.
- continuing the focus of attention on farm women through the Assistant Agriculture Officer(Farm Women) in the newer areas within the taluk.
- Training Link Workers on current thrust technologies as a means to help the members learn.
- Providing need based and location specific training support to FWGs.
- Integrating the modules developed under WYTEP in the GES.
- Providing wider exposure to the group members to see places of technical interest.
- Establishment of model farms at the group level as a centre for transfer of technologies to the village.
- Organising need based training to the groups members both at the Training Centres(TCs) as well as the cluster level utilising the TCs for both officials training programmes and for the farm women training on selected thrust technologies.
PROJECT OUTPUT OF PHASE-III(Proposed)
Farm Women Training:
I. Institutional Training for Farm Women:
i) Institutional Courses(No.s) 790 ii) Farm Women to be trained in the institution at 30 per course(No.s). 23700 iii)Post institutional trainings(No.s) 790 iv) Farm women expected to participate @ 25 per camp(No.s) 19750 v) Link Workers to be trained(No.s) 15000 vi)Refresher Training for link workers(No.s) 1680 vii) Specialised training for Farm Women (No.s) 9000
II. Staff Development Programme:
i) Refresher Course for Assistant Agricultural Officer (Farm Women) (No.s) 225 ii)Training for General Extension Staff (No.s) 4800 iii)Induction Training for Agricultural Officer (Farm Women)(No.s) 11 iv) Training for Officials in Training Centres (No.s) 225 v) Study Tour for staff (No.of participants) 420
III Extension Activities:
i)Preseasonal camps for AAO(FW) in taluks(No.s) 15600 ii)No.of AAO(FW) expected to participate @ 20 per camps 312000 iii) Result Demonstration to be organised(No.s) 3600 iv) Methed Demonstrations to be organised(No.s) 18000 v) comprehensive demonstration and field days(No.s) 3600 vi) Farm Women expected to participate in study tour(No.s) 1500 vii) Farm women groups with group fund(No.s) 105000 viii) Gram Panchayat with GP fund(Nos.) 480
2. Karnataka Watershed Development project-Budget Rs. 353 lakhs (2000-01)
It is a DANIDA assisted project. It aims at developing appropriate land use systems, increasing productivity of crops, providing employment opportunities and improving overall living conditions of landless and small holders. Land development, crop development, agro-forestry, horticulture and training activities are taken up.
Karnataka Watershed Development Project (Phase-I) was in operation in three districts viz; Dharwar, Belgaum and U.Kannada covering 14 watersheds and incurred an expenditure of Rs.1136.66 lakhs to develop an area of 230000IIa. Phase-I has ended on 30.51996. The Phase-II of the project is on in the State from 1.6.97 covering three districts viz; Gulbarga, Bijapur and Bagalkote to cover an area of 29.865 Ha. with the project outlay of Rs.2100.52 lakhs for a period of 84 months (7 years) from 1.6.97. Project head quarter is locating at Bijapur covering 12 watersheds (Bijapur 4, Bagalkote 1 and Gulbarga ) spread over in 47 villages.
From inception of the project (phase-II) an amount of Rs.365.64 lakhs have been spent upto end of 99-2000 for taking up of land development works, training, nursery component under forest sector, animal health camps under animal husbandry sector, etc., though registered Village Development Committees and with the participation of registered NGO's. Budget provided for the year 200-2001 Rs.353.
KARNATAKA WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PROJECT PHASE-II
Director of Agriculture, Government of Karnataka
State of Karnatka, districts of Bijapur & Gulbarga
Land users in selected watersheds enabled to practice sustainable management of natural reasources in private and common land.
Revelant authorities involved in project planning and implementation able to support farmers and villagers in the project area in identification, prioritisation, planning and implementation of sustainable land use systems.
Holistic land use system aimed at suistainable and increased production developed by the project and applied by a majority of farmers.
Short and long term employment opportunities and household income increased in the project area.
A sustainable organisational frame work and financial bases involvement of disadvantaged groups in watershed management established in project villages and at the level of watersheds.
Expected date of project start up
Duration of project
Rs.210.052 millions (1995 prices)
The Government of Denmarkd (Danida) provides (DKK 46.7 millions; Rate:1DKK=Rs.4.50)Rs.210.052 millions and the Government of Karnataka provides staff and land.
KARNATAKA WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
(DANIDA) PHASE II
Statement showing area inside the drainage line and the villages of the watershed proposed in Bijapur and Gulbarga districts:
Area in Ha.
Name of the watershed & taluka
|Total area inside the drainage line||Name of the village located inside the drainage line||No.of village|
|1||Bijapur District Somadevanahtti nala (Taluk Bijapur)||2868.15||Somadevanhatti, Halmet SDI, Halmet SD2||03|
|1971.90||Ramapur, Benakotagi Badaleshwar||03|
|2789.20||Hadalasang Halmet HS 1,2,3,4,5&6 Nandargi||05|
|2582.00||Kavadimatti, Jalapur Aremural||03|
|6||Gulbarga District Amaraza nala
|2807.00||Gudagaon, Karabhozga, Madara, Dannur||04|
|7||Dogiban nala (Taluka Aland)||2337.00||Bolani, Yelinavalagi||20|
|8||Huvinabhavi nala (Taluka Chincholi)||1045.00||Huvinabhavi,Rustumpur, Rustumpur halmet||03|
|3826.00||Bennur B.Mugutta, Mudbol, Dangavi||04|
(Taluka Jevargi )
|2718.45||Bilwar, Nagarhalli, Shivapur, Sadanappur||04|
|11||Budnur Chandpur Nala
|2482.00||Bovi kadamger, Kokkasger, Budnur, Chandpur||04|
|2100.00||Karbhavi, Salsgundi, Gundalageri||03|
. Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme. (CCIS)
It was implemented in the State from Kharif 1985, till Khariff 1999 to provide a measure of financial support to farmers in the event of crop failure as a result of flood etc.,
All farmers who availed crop loans for notified crops/taluks from Co-operative Banks, commercial banks and Regional Rural Banks were compulsorily covered under the scheme. Sum insured was 100% of crop loans disbursed with a maximum of Rs.10,000/- per farmer per season. Taluk was the notified area. Altogether 11 crops were covered. Paddy, Jowar, Ragi, Bajra, Maize, G.nut, Sunflower and Tur were covered in Kharif season, Wheat, Jowar, Bengalgram, Safflower, Sunflower and Paddy were covered during Rabi season and Paddy, Ragi and G.nut were covered during summer season. Premium was 2% of the sum insured for cereals and 1% of the sum insured for pulses and oil seeds. Fifty percent of premium of small and marginal farmers were subsidised.
A sum of Rs.5738.44 lakhs was paid as claims from 1985 to 1998-99, against a premium collection of Rs.1720.09 lakhs from the insured farmers. Government of India have approved a claim of Rs.963.07 lakhs for kharif 1999. Action is being initiated to disburse this amount to farmers early. Including kharif 1999 claims, the total claim amount works out to Rs.6701.51 lakhs.
Government of India discontinued the scheme with effect from Rabi 1999-2000 and introduced a new scheme " Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana (RKBY)"
Experimental Crop Insurance Scheme (ECIS)
Centrally sponsored Experimental Crop Insurance Scheme was implemented in 5 taluks namely Bijapur, Basavana Bagewadi, Sindhagi, Indi and Muddebihal of Bijapur district in Karnataka State during Rabi 1997-98 crop season vide Government order No.AHD.101.ANS.97, Bangalore, dated:16-1-1998. All Small and marginal farmers, (loanee or non-loanee) were covered under the scheme. Crops covered for Rabi 1997 season were Jowar, Wheat, Bengalgram, Safflower and Sunflower. Farmers in the five taluks who had grown the 5 notified crops were eligible to participate in the scheme by opening a bank account in Nationalized Banks/Commercial Banks/Regional Rural Banks. Sum insured was equal to the scale of finance for non-loanee farmers and upto crop loan taken by loanee-farmers for growing the insured crop during the season, subject to a ceiling of Rs.10,000/- per farmer for all insured crops. Premium rate was 2% of sum insured for Cereals and Millets and 1% of sum insured for pulses and oilseed crops. One hundred per cent of the premium towards crops insured by small and marginal farmers was subsidised and the same was shared by the Central Government and State Government in the ratio of 1:1.
A total number of 50540 small and marginal farmers have participated in the scheme during Rabi 1997. Government of India have approved for a total claim amount of Rs.799.82 lakhs. Government of Karnatakas share of contribution will be 20% of the claim amount . Action is being taken to disburse the claims shortly .
RASHTRIYA KRISHI BIMA YOJANA ( RKBY)
" National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana-RKBY)has been introduced with State from kharif 2000. Objectives of the RKBY are as under:
- To provide insurance coverage and financial support to farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crops as a result of natural calamities, pests and diseases.
- To encourage the farmers to adopt progressive farming practices, high value inputs and higher technology in Agriculture.
- To stabilize farm incomes, particularly in disaster years.
The scheme is compulsory for loanee farmers, who avail crop loans from financial institutions, for the notified crops. All other farmers growing notified crops can opt for the scheme on a voluntary basis.
Crops notified: The following crops are notified for the kharif 2000 in Karnataka.
- Food crops: 1) Cereals- Paddy, Jowar, Ragi,Bajra and Maize.
2) Pulses Tur, Greengram, Blackgram, Soyabean
b. Oil seeds : Sunflower and Groundnut.
Sum insured may extend to the value of the threshold yield of the insured crop at the option of Insured farmers. However, a farmer may also insure his crop beyond the value of threshold yield level upto 150% of the average yield of notified area on payment of premium at commercial rates. In case of loanee farmers the sum insured would be atleast equal to the amount of crop loan advanced.
Premium rates: The premium rates on the sum insured ( value of threshold yield/amount of the crop loan) for notified crops ranged from 2.35 per cent to 3.50 per cent. However, a farmer may also insure his crop beyond the value of threshold yield level up to 150 per cent of the average yield, on payment of premium at commercial rates.
Premium Subsidy: 50% subsidy on premium is allowed in respect of small and marginal farmers.
Unit of area : The scheme would operate on the basis of Area approach and the defined area in the State is Taluka.
Cut off dates
- Crop loan period for Kharif season is from April to September. As such, the proposals of the farmers have to be forwarded to General Insurance Corporation within one month by the financial institutions.
- After obtaining crop loan, if farmer opts for higher insurance amounts, the proposals have to be submitted within 31st July to Banks.
Non loanee farmers:
The proposals have to be submitted with in 31st July to Banks. However, a farmer has to compulsorily open an account in the notified Banks.
Farm Management Studies.
Department of Agriculture undertakes farm management studies regularly. Objectives of the studies are:
a. To estimate the cost of cultivation per hectare and cost of production per quintal of produce of different agricultural crops.
- To study the physical inputs, output and cost relationship.
- To estimate the efficiency factors and net returns for various crops.
- This data is used by the Government for making policy decisions and also benefit farmers in selecting profitable crop alternatives.
Farm Management Studies are conducted in 68 centres of the State. In each Centre 40 farmers with additional 20 farmers are selected. The studies are undertaken in all the 10 agro climatic zones. It is taken up on cost accounting method. Variable costs like human and bullock labour, seeds, farm yard manure, fertilizers, plant protection chemicals, irrigation charges, repair charges and miscellaneous charges and fixed costs like interest on investment, land revenue and taxes, interest on working capital, depreciation charges, risk premium, managerial cost and rental value on land are considered.